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Lorazepam : Drug Information

What is Lorazepam?

Lorazepam is available under Ativan’s brand name and belongs to the class of medication known as benzodiazepine. The doctors prescribe Lorazepam to treat anxiety disorder, insomnia, seizures, nausea, and vomiting due to chemotherapy, and other medical conditions as determined by the doctors. It is available in the market in both oral and injection forms. Being a highly addictive drug, you can get this medication only with a doctor’s proper prescription.

What to know before taking Lorazepam?

You should avoid taking this medication if you are allergic to it or any of its components or if you have or ever had narrow-angled glaucoma. To ensure that Lorazepam is safe for you, you must tell your doctor every detail of your medical history. You should say to the doctor if you have the following health issues:

  • Severe breathing problems
  • Sleep apnea
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder
  • Addiction to drugs or alcohol
  • Mood swings
  • Depression
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Kidney disease
  • Liver infections
  • Seizures
  • Glaucoma

Expecting women and lactating mothers should avoid using Lorazepam. The doctor should not prescribe this medication for patients below 12 years of age.

How to take Lorazepam?

It would be best if you take Lorazepam as prescribed by the doctors. You must follow all the instructions given on the prescription label and medical guide carefully. You should not take this medication more often or in an extra amount as prescribed by the doctors. Doctors may change your dose if they think fit to do so.

Lorazepam is a habit-forming medication; the result of misuse of this medication can be fatal.

It would be best to never share your medicines with anyone, especially those who had a past of drug abuse and overdose. You must be aware that buying or selling Lorazepam without a proper prescription is an offense under the prevailing law.

You should consult your doctor if you do not feel any improvement in the symptoms or feel that they are getting worse. If you are using this medication for a long time, you may need frequent medical check-ups. Keep Lorazepam out of the reach of children and store it in the refrigerator.

After completion of treatment, you must dispose of all the leftover medicines properly with the help of a pharmacist nearby you, or you can flush it down in the toilet.

Lorazepam dosage

The dosage of Lorazepam prescribed by the doctor is dependent on several factors, such as :

  • The age and weight of the patient
  • Symptoms
  • The seriousness of the condition
  • Other medical issues that the patient is having
  • Other medications that the patient is using
  • How the patient reacted to the first dose of the medication

The doctor may prescribe the dosage of Lorazepam according to the different medical conditions of the patient:

In the form of oral solution

For anxiety

For older adults above ( 65 years or above)

1 mg to 2 mg in a day divided into dosage as prescribed by the doctor. The doctor may adjust your dose as per your condition.

For adults and children (between 12 to 65 years of age)

2 mg to 6 mg in a day divided into the dosages as prescribed by the doctor. The doctor may adjust the dosage if he thinks appropriate.

For children (below 12 years)

The doctor should prescribe the dose of Lorazepam for this age group after a full examination.

In the form of oral tablets

For anxiety

For older adults above ( 65 years or above)

1 mg to 2 mg in a day divided into the dose as prescribed by the doctor. Your doctor may increase or decrease the dosage if he thinks appropriate.

For adults and children (between 12 to 65 years of age)

2 mg to 3 mg in a day divided into the dosages as specified by the doctor. The doctor may adjust your dose as per your condition.

For children (below 12 years)

The doctor should prescribe the dose of Lorazepam for this age group after a full examination.

For anxiety caused due to insomnia or transient situational stress

For adults (12 years or above)

2 mg to 4 mg, once a day at night before sleeping. Your doctor may adjust the dosage after considering the condition of the patient.

For children (below 12 years)

The doctor should prescribe the dose of Lorazepam for this age group after a full examination.

Overdose

If you ever feel symptoms of an overdose of the medication, you must consult your doctor and seek medical help immediately. You can avail of medical assistance by calling the poison helpline number at 1-800-222-1222. Some of the common overdose symptoms are as follows:

  • Extreme drowsiness
  • Confusion
  • Slurred speech
  • Feeling restless
  • Muscle weakness
  • Loss of balance or coordination
  • Lightheadedness
  • Slow heartbeats
  • Weak or shallow breathing
  • Coma

It would be best if you do not ignore overdose symptoms; otherwise, the situation can become dangerous.

What to avoid while using Lorazepam?

You should avoid taking alcohol after taking Lorazepam, as the interaction between these two can be dangerous. Taking this medication can impair your thinking process or reaction to that. You must be very careful while driving and doing activities that require alertness.

Lorazepam side effects

Some of the common side effects of using Lorazepam are as follows:

  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Weakness
  • Feeling unsteady

It is okay to experience mild side effects symptoms while using Lorazepam, but if these symptoms bother you so much and are unbearable, you must consult your doctor.

You should stop taking this medication and tell your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms:

  • Severe drowsiness
  • Unusual mood swings
  • Restlessness or unusual excitement
  • Suicidal thought
  • Confusion
  • Hallucination
  • Aggression
  • Sleeping problem
  • Problem in vision
  • Dark urine
  • Jaundice
  • Any allergic reaction

What drugs can interact with Lorazepam?

If your doctor is treating you with Lorazepam, he must be knowing all the possible interactions with other drugs. It is your responsibility to tell the doctor about all the over-the-counter medicines you take or taken in the past few days. Some of the following medications which can interact with Lorazepam are:

  • Opioid medications
  • Sleeping pills
  • Cough medications
  • Medicine for seizures
  • Anti-anxiety
  • Anti-depressants
  • Medications to treat mental illness
  • Medicines containing antihistamine
  • Probenecid
  • Aminophylline
  • Theophylline
  • Vitamin supplements
  • Herbal products
  • Other nutritional supplements

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